Inter-organizational relationships are a necessity for sport organizations to obtain resources, maintain efficiency, and be effective. More than 50% of the inter-organizational collaborations fail due to inadequate governance of the collaboration. We study collaboration types, decision-making mechanisms, and processes in place on practitioners, organizational, and policy level. Research on collaborations is in partnership with the N-lab of Ghent University.



The sport world has a complex relationship with ethics and values. On the one hand, a lot of benefits come with the practice and organization of sport, such as health, social cohesion, social capital,… On the other hand, sport is suffering from a moral crisis: matchfixing, bad governance, doping, .. are featured in the media every day. This paradox has to be managed and guided in the right direction. We study how sport can be good (sport ethics) and do good (corporate social responsibility). ​Research on sport ethics and Olympic values is embedded in the Olympic Chair Henri de Baillet Latour-Jacques Rogge.




Lucidarme, S., Cardon, G., & Willem, A. (2015). A Comparative Study Of Health Promotion Networks: Configurations of determinants for network effectiveness. Public Management Review, 1-55.

Marlier, M., Lucidarme, S., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I. and Willem, A. (2016). Capacity building through cross sector partnerships: a multiple case study of a sport program in disadvantaged communities in Belgium. BMC Public Health, 15:1306.
Dobbels, L., Marlier, M., Cardon, G., Voets, J., De Waegeneer, E. and Willem, A. (2016). Why network structure and coordination matters: a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people. International Review for the Sociology of Sport.
Schyvinck, C., Willem. (2017). Determinants of effective collaborations between profit and non-profit in a cause-related marketing context.

Lucidarme, Steffie; Babiak, Kathy; and Willem, Annick (2017) Governmental power in elite sport networks: a resource-dependency perspective. European Sport Management Quarterly.

Babiak, K.; Thibault, L., and Willem, A. (2017) Mapping Research on Interorganizational Relationships in Sport Management: Current Landscape and Future Research Prospects; Sport Management Journal, accepted.

Willem, A., Girginov, V., & Toohey, K. (2018). Governing bodies of sport as knowledge brokers in Sport-for-All communities of practice. Sport Management Review.

Theme 1: Ethics

De Waegeneer, E., Vande Sompele, J., Willem, A. (2015a). Ethical Codes in Sports Organizations: Classification Framework, Content Analysis and the Influence of Content on Code Effectiveness. Journal of Business Ethics, 136 (3), 587-598.
De Waegeneer, E., Willem, A. (2015b). Moral judgments on Fair Play by Badminton Players – a Factorial Survey Study. Ethics & Behavior, 26 (4), May 2016, 312-329.

Constandt, B., De Waegeneer, E., Willem, A. (2017). Ethical Code Effectiveness in Football Clubs: A Longitudinal Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics, 1-14

Constandt, B., De Waegeneer, E., & Willem, A. (2018). Coach ethical leadership in soccer clubs: An analysis of its influence on ethical behavior. Journal of Sport Management, 32(3), 185-198.

Constandt, B., & Willem, A. (2019). The trickle‐down effect of ethical leadership in nonprofit soccer clubs. Nonprofit Management and Leadership.

Constandt, B., Parent, M. M., & Willem, A. (2019). Does it really matter? A study on soccer fans’ perceptions of ethical leadership and their role as “stakeowners”. Sport Management Review.

Van Der Hoeven, S., De Waegeneer, E., Constandt, B., & Willem, A. (2019). Match-fixing: Moral challenges for those involved. Ethics & Behavior, 1-19.

Theme 2: Corporate Social Responsibilty
Schyvinck, C., & Willem, A. (2018). A typology of cause-related marketing approaches in European professional basketball. Sport Management Review, 21(4), 347-362.

Schyvinck, C., & Willem, A. (2019). From cause-related marketing strategy to implementation in professional basketball organizations: a matter of alignment. European Sport Management Quarterly

Zeimers, G., Anagnostopoulos, C., Zintz, T., & Willem, A. (2018). Organisational learning for corporate social responsibility in sport organisations. European Sport Management Quarterly, 1-22.

Zeimers, G., Anagnostopoulos, C., Zintz, T., & Willem, A. (2019). Examining Collaboration Among Nonprofit Organizations for Social Responsibility Programs. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 0899764019837616.



Dr. Bram Constandt
Ethics management - match-fixing - gambling

Stef Van Der Hoeven


Cleo Schyvinck

Cause-related marketing in professional sport organizations

Tom De Clerck

Effectiviteitsmeting van een interventie om het beleidsvoerend vermogen van sportverenigingen te verhogen

Thomas De Bock

The role of federations in delivering Sport-for-all



Dr. Anne-Line Balduck

Effectiveness in Sport on Micro and Meso Management Level.

Dr. Mathieu Marlier
The value of intersectoral partnerships in sport - Promoting sport participation, physical activity, social capital and mental health through a sport development program in disadvantaged communities

Dr. Steffie Lucidarme

Governance of Sport and Physical Activity Policy Implementation Networks: key determinants, configurations and processes

Dr. Géraldine Zeimers

Corporate Social Responsibility institutionalization and implementation in sport organizations

Dr. Els De Waegeneer

Fair play in sports organizations: effectiveness of ethical codes

Dr. Bram Constandt
Ethics management in football clubs

© 2016 by Ghent University - Movement and sport sciences - Sport Management.

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